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Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price

by Lapmonk Editorial
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Step into the aisles of corporate scrutiny with “Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price” (2005), a documentary directed by Robert Greenwald that peels back the glossy veneer of one of the world’s retail behemoths. In this cinematic exploration, we navigate the labyrinth of Wal-Mart’s business practices, from its economic dominance to the social and environmental consequences of its operations. Brace yourself for a candid and conversational journey through the highs and lows of the retail giant’s impact on communities, employees, and the broader retail landscape.

Movie Summary:

“Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price” doesn’t pull punches. It takes us behind the cheerful greeters and smiling faces to expose the darker underbelly of Wal-Mart’s business model. The documentary combines firsthand accounts, interviews, and footage to paint a stark picture of the corporation’s relentless pursuit of low prices, often at the expense of workers’ rights, small businesses, and ethical standards.

The film follows the stories of employees struggling with low wages and minimal benefits, small businesses driven out by the retail giant’s aggressive pricing strategies, and communities grappling with the socio-economic fallout of Wal-Mart’s expansion. From labor practices to environmental concerns, the documentary delves into the multifaceted impact of Wal-Mart on various facets of society.

15 Key Business Insights From the Movie:

  1. Labor Exploitation and Low Wages: The film sheds light on allegations of labor exploitation, emphasizing the prevalence of low wages, limited benefits, and anti-union practices within Wal-Mart.
  2. Impact on Small Businesses: The documentary explores how Wal-Mart’s entry into local markets has led to the closure of small businesses, disrupting local economies and diminishing competition.
  3. Global Supply Chain Challenges: Wal-Mart’s global supply chain practices are scrutinized, revealing issues related to overseas labor conditions, factory safety, and the outsourcing of production to countries with lax regulations.
  4. Anti-Union Stance: The film delves into Wal-Mart’s anti-union stance, detailing instances of union-busting and intimidation tactics against employees attempting to organize.
  5. Healthcare and Employee Benefits: The documentary highlights concerns about Wal-Mart’s healthcare policies, including inadequate insurance coverage for employees, leading to a reliance on public assistance programs.
  6. Impact on Local Communities: Wal-Mart’s impact on local communities is explored, addressing the strain on public services and infrastructure as a result of the corporation’s business practices.
  7. Environmental Sustainability Concerns: The film raises environmental sustainability concerns, discussing issues such as the impact of Wal-Mart’s vast operations on energy consumption, waste generation, and ecological balance.
  8. Predatory Pricing Strategies: Wal-Mart’s predatory pricing strategies are examined, illustrating how the company’s aggressive pricing can lead to a race to the bottom for suppliers and competitors.
  9. Public Relations and Image Management: The documentary critiques Wal-Mart’s public relations efforts, suggesting that the company has sought to present a positive image while downplaying its negative impacts.
  10. Women’s Rights and Gender Discrimination: The film touches on issues related to gender discrimination within Wal-Mart, including allegations of unequal pay and limited opportunities for female employees.
  11. Community Resistance and Activism: Stories of community resistance and activism against Wal-Mart’s expansion are highlighted, showcasing grassroots efforts to challenge the corporation’s influence.
  12. Globalization and Corporate Power: “The High Cost of Low Price” examines the broader implications of Wal-Mart’s globalization, questioning the concentration of corporate power and its impact on economic inequality.
  13. Employee Surveillance and Control: The documentary explores allegations of employee surveillance and control, suggesting that Wal-Mart has implemented measures to monitor and limit workers’ activities.
  14. Ethical Consumption and Consumer Awareness: The film encourages discussions around ethical consumption and consumer awareness, prompting viewers to consider the social and environmental implications of their purchasing choices.
  15. Government Accountability and Regulation: “The High Cost of Low Price” raises questions about government accountability and the need for regulatory measures to address the social and economic consequences of Wal-Mart’s operations.


“Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price” serves as a wake-up call, urging viewers to reconsider the true cost of discount retail. As we traverse the film’s narrative landscape, we’re confronted with uncomfortable truths about the impact of Wal-Mart’s practices on workers, communities, and the broader retail ecosystem.

The documentary sparks conversations about corporate responsibility, ethical business practices, and the need for a more equitable and sustainable approach to retail. It challenges us to think beyond low prices and convenience, encouraging a nuanced examination of the consequences of supporting a retail giant with such far-reaching influence.

In a world where economic choices have social and environmental ramifications, “The High Cost of Low Price” invites us to be discerning consumers and advocates for a more just and responsible retail landscape. As the credits roll, the documentary lingers in our minds, leaving us with a heightened awareness of the true cost we pay when we embrace the convenience of low prices without questioning the ethical price tag attached.

Image Courtesy of: The Movie Database (TMDB)

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